Slurry Analytical System

For estimating and approaching the ideal slurry internal state


HIOKI offers advanced quality test solutions for electrode Slurry.
-Three parameters indicate the mixture condition of the slurry based on impedance
-Hardware & Software ideal for slurry impedance measurement
-Data & Analysis tool for various types of slurry

Unique HIOKI Slurry Analysis technology provides quantified mixing quality of electrode slurry to approach your ideal Battery. It enables you to optimize the slurry process and helps detect quality deviations in future battery cell manufacturing upstream processes. Ultimately, this will lead to the stabilization of cell quality.

Video introducing the Slurry Analytical System

- Overview of slurry analysis
- Description of the entire process, from measurement to analysis
- List of what you’ll need to perform analysis

Key Features

  • A proprietary Hioki algorithm analyzes impedance measured values for LiB electrode slurries
  • The latest version is available anytime by a Cloud-based, easy-to-use analysis tool
  • Analysis Results “DCR, Ratio, Uniformity” indicate electron conductivity of Slurry
  • Able to choose license plan, fit the right solution for your needs
  • Easily measure impedance of slurry

Slurry Measurement

The Slurry Analytical System makes it easy to measure impedance using test equipment recommended by Hioki for the best results. It can render a Nyquist plot after just 1 minute of measurement per sample. By comparing Nyquist plots , you can compare impedance values among different slurry types or check quality consistency across the same slurry, all in a quantitative manner. Nyquist plots can be rendered using the following online software:

Estimation of slurry mixing from the point of view of electron conductivity

The image shows the "degree of development" and "uniformity" of the network formed by the conductive materials in the slurry on two axes.
Hioki considers a slurry to be better when both the degree of development and uniformity is high.

The Slurry Analytical System analyzes the network formed by the conductive materials in the slurry from the measured impedance information.

This analytical value contributes to the study and consideration of slurry composition and production conditions, making slurry research and development more efficient.

Basic instructions

Prepare a measurement environment and measure the slurry’s impedance. Analytical software in the cloud will perform analysis using the optimal algorithm.

1. Purchasing a license card and preparing to use the software
- Purchase a license card.
- Create a GENNECT Cloud account (there is no charge for doing so).
- Log in to the analytical software.
- Accept the Terms of Use.

Log in to the analytical software

2. Preparing a measurement environment
Provide a measuring instrument for use in measuring the slurry’s impedance. The following instruments are recommended:
- LCR Meter IM3536 or IM3536-01 (Measurement Software SA2633 is available free of charge.)
- Test Fixture SA9002
- Electrode Cell SA9001

  • *:The Test Fixture SA9002 is designed exclusively for use with the Electrode Cell SA9001, for which it provides one-touch connectivity.
  • *:The Electrode Cell SA9001 is sold in lots of 50.

3. Performing measurement
Use the LCR Meter IM3536 or IM3536-01 along with the dedicated Measurement Software SA2633 to measure the slurry’s impedance. The software will automatically generate measurement data (as a CSV file).

  • *:If using an instrument other than the IM3536 or IM3536-01
    - Use the Electrode Cell (SA9001). The analytical algorithm assumes use of the SA9001.
    - Check whether the Test Fixture SA9002 can be connected to the instrument.
    - See the specifications for more information about measurement conditions.

4. Enabling the analysis function
Enable the analysis function by registering the registration code printed on the license card.

5. Sending data and receiving analytical values
Select the measurement data and the material content category*.

  • *:For more information about available material categories, see the specifications.

Click here to view specifications for the Slurry Analytical System.

Analysis principles

The Slurry Analytical System outputs three quantitative indicators (DCR, Ratio, and uniformity) that can be used to make a relative evaluation of slurry conductivity. It builds an electrical equivalent circuit (EEC) that corresponds to the manner in which current flows and electrons move when an AC current flows to the slurry. Please see this FAQ for details.

Analysis Principles FAQ

Analysis and observation examples

See how analysis is actually carried out.
- Example 1: Analyzing differences due to kneading time
- Example 2: Analyzing differences in conductive auxiliary agent quantity
- Example 3: Analyzing the relationship between electron conductivity and dynamic viscoelasticity resulting from differences in dispersant quantity

Analysis and observation examples

Analytical Software SA2632

System requirements (computer) Memory: 512 MB or more
Hard disk: 1 GB or more of available space
Display: 1024 × 768 dots or more, 65,536 colors or more
Web browser verified for operation:
Microsoft Edge and Google Chrome, both of which run on Windows 11, Windows 10
Pro, or Windows 8.1 Pro
Google Chrome, which runs on macOS
Login function The login screen is displayed when "" is accessed
The analysis related screen (my page) is displayed when you log in using the GENNECT account
License authentication 3-day license, 30-day license, 365-day license
The analysis function is only available when the license is activated
Analysis item - DCR
- Ratio
- Uniformity
Impedance data file upload - Maximum number of files to be uploaded simultaneously: 30
- Total size limit of files to be uploaded: 1 MB
- File extension: CSV
Files uploaded simultaneously have the same material information and analysis conditions.
Parameters required for analysis Lower frequency: 4 Hz or more and 7 Hz or less
Higher frequency: 8000000 Hz or more and 10000000 Hz or less
Data point count: 490 or more and 510 or less (logarithmic interval)
Measurement frequency: f, Rs, X
Analysis time (representative value) - Approx.1 minute/file
- Number of files to be simultaneously analyzed: 50
Language Japanese, English (default setting: English)

Measurement Software SA2633

System requirements (computer) Memory: 512 MB or more
Hard disk: 1 GB or more of available space
Display: 1,024 × 768 dots or more, 65,536 colors or more
Interface: USB 2.0 or more to be installed
OS: Windows 8.1 (32-bit/64-bit)
Windows 10 (32-bit/64-bit)
Windows 11 (64-bit)
.NET Framework: 4.7.2
Instrument to be controlled IM3536 LCR Meter, IM3536-01 LCR Meter
Measurement data save function Outputs the measured impedance data in the file format that can be loaded using the SA2632 Analytical Software.
File extension: CSV
Measurement time Approx. 1 minute

Electrode Cell SA9001

Dimensions Approx. 27W × 42H × 37D mm (1.06″W × 1.65″H × 1.46″D)
(including the electrode)
Weight Approx. 2.3 g (0.1 oz.)
Material Container: polypropylene (PP), electrode: brass (nickel plated)
Capacity Approx. 1 mL
Electrode pin Diameter (Area where liquid to be measured comes in contact): 3 mm ±0.1 mm
Electrode interval: 6 mm ±0.3 mm
Operating temperature and humidity range 23°C ±5°C (73°F ±9°F), 80% RH or less (non-condensing)
Storage temperature and humidity range −10°C to 50°C (14°F to 122°F), 80% RH or less (non-condensing)
Operating environment Indoors, altitude up to 2000 m (6562 ft.)
Product warranty duration The Electrode Cell is a consumable and is not covered by the warranty

Test Fixture SA9002

Measurable frequency DC to 10 MHz
Connectable sample SA9001 Electrode Cell
Residual impedance Residual resistance during short circuit 200 mΩ or less (reference for 100 Hz)
Inter-electrode stray capacitance 0.2 pF or less (reference for 1 MHz)
Dimensions Approx. 98W × 38H × 24D mm (3.86″W × 1.50″H × 0.94″D)
(excluding protruding parts)
Weight Approx. 210 g (7.4 oz.)
Included accessory Shorting plate for compensation

Measurement conditions*

*If using an instrument other than the IM3536 or IM3536-01 - Use the Electrode Cell SA9001. The analytical algorithm assumes use of the SA9001. - Check whether the Test Fixture SA9002 can be connected to the instrument. - Acquire data under the measurement conditions listed below. - Prepare a CSV file to send to the system.
Frequency sweep range 4 Hz (+3 Hz) to 10 MHz (-5 MHz)
Number of measurement points Logarithmic interval, 500 points (±10 points)
Applied signal Constant-voltage, ±100 mV
Measurement parameters Frequency, Rs (ReZ), X (ImZ)

Available material categories

- The system uses the appropriate analytical algorithm to analyze the data based on the selected material category combination. - You may not be able to select some combinations, and some material categories may not be available. If you encounter this issue, perform the analysis using the default model. - There’s no need to specify material proportions. - In some cases, the system may not be able perform analysis. - Hioki plans to add material categories over time.
Active materials LCO, NMC, NCA, LMO, LFP, Graphite, LTO, Si, SiO, None
Conductive aid Acetylene black, Carbon nanotube, Graphite
Binder PVDF, SBR, None
Dispersant CMC, MC, PVP, None
Solvent NMP, Water                                                           

License card, Electrode cells, Test fixture (4)

*Please purchase electrode cells and licenses as necessary based on your expected frequency of use and experimental plan.
*Sensitive information will be shared with customers, including during use of analysis functionality. Customers are responsible for determining whether to make purchases through a retailer.